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Having Multiple Containments of the Same Domain Element in GMF


I wanted to be able to specify an Ecore language that would allow me to specify the following:

  - onAccess : 0..1 Event
  - onEdit : 0..1 Event
  - onUpdate : 0..1 Event

That is, a single object can contain multiple separate containments of the same domain element (Event, in this case). While EMF handles this perfectly, GMF struggles if you try and implement it directly.

If you implement it in the most straight-forward manner - that is, by specifying each of these elements as a different visual tool (in gmftool) and different containment feature (in gmfmap) - it will work in every aspect, except that GMF will not be able to render the different nodes. It will throw an exception similar to the following:

org.eclipse.core.commands.ExecutionException: While executing the operation, an exception occurred
at org.eclipse.core.commands.operations.DefaultOperationHistory.execute(DefaultOperationHistory.java:519)
Caused by: org.eclipse.core.runtime.AssertionFailedException: null argument:failed to create a view
at org.eclipse.core.runtime.Assert.isNotNull(Assert.java:85)
at org.eclipse.gmf.runtime.diagram.ui.commands.CreateCommand.doExecuteWithResult(CreateCommand.java:99)
at org.eclipse.gmf.runtime.emf.commands.core.command.AbstractTransactionalCommand.doExecute(AbstractTransactionalCommand.java:247)

Following a discussion on the GMF mailing list, the problem seems to be that in this case, GMF does not have the necessary OCL constraints in order to select which type of Event to display.

However, until Eclipse bug 256461 is resolved, you cannot add an OCL constraint like the following:

self.eContainingFeature().getName() = 'onClick'

GMF supports adding constraints written in Java, so add a Java constraint to the Node definition in the .gmfmap with the following:

return domainElement.eContainingFeature().getName().equals("onClick");

And then specifying gmfgen > Gen Expression Provider > Gen Java Expression Provider > Inject Expression Body to true in the generated .gmfgen, the generated diagram editor will now correctly permit the desired functionality above.

Categories: GMF | Java
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Last edited by jevon jevon 93 months ago